Major Types of Paints and Finishes

Different Types of Paints and Finishes: What They Are and When to Use Them

Many times we feel like renewing an environment and the feeling of an expense that surpasses stops us. But it is a mistake. We can totally refresh a space by changing the colors of the

Many times we feel like renewing an environment and the feeling of an expense that surpasses stops us. But it is a mistake. We can totally refresh a space by changing the colors of the walls and taking advantage of the possibilities of the different types of paint that exist in the market.

There are many options when we want to wash a face or an object. The key is, know them and know which one is the most suitable for your needs. We put together a list to help you decide

Major types of paints for surfaces

There are different types of paint that you can use depending on what you want to paint and for what purpose. In general, we can find these major types of paints:

  • Latex or plastic
  • Synthetic enamels
  • Acrylics
  • Aerosol sprays
  • Inks or toners
  • Plastic paint

Water paint, it is characterized by being easy to apply, has excellent coating, fast drying and is washable, so we can clean it periodically to last longer.

It can be found in a wide range of colors and is of great durability. It is considered one of the ideal paintings for interiors, since it almost does not give off smell. The options are diverse and some can also be used outdoors: on cement, plaster and some derivatives.

Matte paint is characterized by having no shine when dry. It helps to hide the tiny defectiveness of the wall, allows to enhance decorative aspects by its opacity. Applied in the traditional way, avoid brush or roller marks. It is recommended for walls where there are many faultiness, since it tends to hide them. The ideal spaces to use it are the rooms, the study room or the laundry room. It is special for places where there is not much traffic.

The satin paint, when dried, has a dull and glossy finish, which helps to improve the decorative appearance and is easier to clean. The reflection of the light generated by this finish gives the place better lighting and greater subtlety. It is recommended that the surface where it is applied does not have imperfections, because they will be highlighted. It is recommended for children’s rooms, hallways, exteriors, kitchens and bathrooms.

Bright paint or silk: as the name implies, it has a shine that stands out, making the atmosphere look elegant and striking. Allow the surface to remain clean. It is very common in modern decorations. This paint is ideal for wood, since it makes the furniture stand out for its glossy finish. Among those in common use, synthetic enamel, lacquer, polyurethanes and varnishes stand out. It is also used for external spaces exposed to water, humidity, sun and various climatic agents because it is very durable. In addition, it supports the use of detergents, which can clean and stretch its life.

Synthetic paint or synthetic enamel

It has greater durability than plastic paint. Its composition is based on solvents or oil instead of water. It effectively retains the brightness in the open air and can be used both for external spaces and for places with high humidity, such as kitchen and bathrooms.

As for the drying time, it is between 3 and 4 hours. And, due to its composition, it emits strong odors that warrant that there is good ventilation in case you apply it in internal spaces.

Synthetic enamel is an excellent option for use in metals, since it has a great adhesion and coating. It can also be achieved in a matt, satin or gloss finish.

Tile Paint

The tiles, in general, are made from clay. They are easy to clean and, to renew them, you can paint and change the color or make some decorative design. It is recommended to use a two-phase paint, which is made from two components and has a superior finish. It is very durable and easy to clean.

One fact: it is important to wear a mask when applying it because it emits a strong smell.

Decorative paintings

They are special products that achieve differential finishes when applied to different surfaces. The most popular are the “marble effect” or the “stucco effect”. In general, they are made of water and are recommended for interiors.

Floor paint

If you are looking to give a different touch to the floors, trying to harmonize uneven places or to create a new style, you can choose to paint them. At this point, the choice will depend on the type of floor.

For exterior floors with high traffic, epoxy paint is recommended, which creates a good layer of protection and prevents the usual deterioration due to different factors, from constant passage to humidity, grease, water or high temperatures.

In the case of interior floors that do not need a high strength finish, latex can be used. It is an excellent option. Its composition is based on plastic resin and can be diluted in water. It covers the spaces where it is applied very well.

Car paint

Separate chapter deserves car paint, which, in addition to having many particularities at the time of its application, require an excellent finish. Its function not only has to do with beautifying or decorating but also with the protection of the metal, allowing it to last much longer.

As for the types of car paint, the most used are:

Acrylic: it is fast drying, it is easily handled and its finish is semi-gloss or gloss. It is designed with some acrylic polymer that, when dried, provides self-protection against water or moisture. It can take a full day for total drying.

Polyurethane: it offers resistant shine on the surfaces and great hardness in its finish. It is resistant to abrasion. To achieve drying, it is necessary to use a catalyst. It can take between one and two hours to apply and the total drying can take two days.

Ecological paints

Organic products are made from low emission components, which means they are less polluting and less harmful to the environment. In general, ecological paints do not have volatile organic compounds and do not emit toxic substances.

In addition, they have another very valuable feature: they practically do not give off odor and are very durable and resistant.

Blackboard paint

We don’t talk only about that usual element in schools. It is a new trend in the world of paintings and is used to give a different touch to the decoration of spaces, especially in game rooms or children’s rooms.

One of its advantages is that it is washable and resistant and can be applied on almost any surface. It brings originality and generates a very cool atmosphere.

It is important to highlight that, to apply it, the area must be well cleaned. For a good finish, it is necessary to give two hands and, if possible, pass a sandpaper after the first hand. That guarantees a better result.

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